Tips & Guidelines for Writing Grant Applications
Below you will find tips and guidelines that we have selected to help you with the process of putting together your grant application. If you encounter other tips that might be useful to others please let us know by e-mailing a Grants Facilitator.
- Art of Grantsmanship by Dr. Jacob Kraicer.
- Grant Writing Tips – McGill University Health Centre
Some good basic suggestions plus specific information for writing CIHR proposals.
SSHRC grants are highly competitive. Your chances for success will improve if you have a PhD, have published, have received research grants and have a CV that reflects your accomplishments. If . If your ultimate goal is a SSHRC grant a great way to get started is to apply first to a VIU internal award (link). If you wish to apply for a SSHRC grant check out the funding available at SSHRC to ensure that your project matches the intent and objectives of the program. The two key funding areas of SSHRC that you may be interested in are:
- Insight Grants: The Insight program aims to support and foster excellence in social sciences and humanities research intended to deepen, widen and increase our collective understanding of individuals and societies, as well as to inform the search for solutions to societal challenges. Insight grants support research excellence in the social sciences and humanities. Funding is available to both emerging and established scholars for long-term research initiatives. Insight Grants research initiatives may be undertaken by an individual researcher or a team of researchers working in collaboration.
Grants: The Connection program aims to support knowledge mobilization
activities—such as networking, disseminating, exchanging and co-creating
research-based knowledge—as an important element of publicly engaged
scholarship, and as a means of strengthening research agendas. Connection
grants support workshops, colloquiums, conferences, forums, summer institutes
or other events or outreach activities geared toward short-term, targeted
knowledge mobilization initiatives. These events and activities represent
opportunities to exchange knowledge and to engage on research issues of
value to those participating.
Writing Tips for SSHRC Applications
- Applying for SSHRC Funding: Science, Art, Alchemy or Self-Abuse? (.pdf) Sept. 2006
- SSHRC uses 6 point grids for both program and track record for proposal evaluation by grant selection committee members. If the committee assigns a rating of less than 2.6 in either grid, the proposal will not receive funding.
- NSERC site - Program Overview
A detailed look at the objectives for the various grants programs and is intended to keep researchers and the international research community abreast of various international opportunities.
- NSERC site - Frequently Asked Questions:
- Trouble shooting tips and step-by-step instructions from NSERC
- NSERC Program Guide for Professors: http://www.nserc-crsng.gc.ca/Professors-Professeurs/ProgramGuide-GuideDesProgrammes_eng.asp
- NSERC PowerPoint for Discovery Grant information sessions:
- NSERC instructions to reviewers of applications to:
Discovery Grant: http://www.nserc-crsng.gc.ca/_doc/Reviewers-Examinateurs/Chapter6_eng.pdf
Research Tools and Instruments: http://www.nserc-crsng.gc.ca/_doc/Reviewers-Examinateurs/Chapter7_eng.pdf
Major Resources Support Grant: http://www.nserc-crsng.gc.ca/_doc/Reviewers-Examinateurs/Chapter8_eng.pdf
- CIHR Grant Writing Advice
- Guidebook for New Principal Investigators – Advice on Applying for a Grant, Writing Papers, Setting up a Research Team and Managing Your Time.
- BC Environmental and Occupational
Health Research Network
Grant Writing Toolkit March 2010
- A Guide for Proposal Writing – National Science Foundation Sept. 2010 – suggested by CIHR as reading material
- Grant Writing
Tips – McGill University Health Centre
Specific information for writing to CIHR plus links to many other guides to writing health related research grants.
(adapted from Tutis Vilis' Survival Skills)
6 months to one year before the deadline:
- Start thinking of interesting projects. Try to find a balance between
something "sure" and something truly innovative and even risky:
- These might be side issues of what you are currently working on.
- Imagine what the possible outcomes might be.
- Start reviewing the literature.
- Discuss your ideas with others. Just going through the process of trying to explain things to others is a great way to clarify things for yourself. Don't be disappointed if they do not share your enthusiasm. But listen to their criticisms.
- Complete as many of your current research projects as possible; write
up the papers and submit them for publication:
- It can easily take 6 months to have a submitted paper accepted, longer if there are several revisions.
- A most important element of your application is your track record.
- What counts most in your track record is published papers in peer-reviewed
9 months before the deadline:
- Obtain preliminary data:
- These will greatly strengthen your proposal.
- A reviewer can think of a hundred reasons why something that you propose will not work. These objections vanish if you can show that you have spent time thinking about or piloting the project.
- You may need to submit a small application to your local institution
to obtain funds to do the preliminary projects:
- Getting this support will enhance your application.
- Identify roles and skills required for the project:
- Project leader and organizer
- Lead writer and writers
- Concept reviewer
- Support staff - Application preparation, CV's, letters of support and contribution
- Budget developer
- Editor for both style and content
- Faculty sharing research interest
- Other proposal collaborators
Team meeting to clarify roles, review Request for Proposal:
- Components of proposal and writers identified.
- Timeline reviewed - meeting schedule to deadline confirmed.
- List support letters and CV's required, review application requirements.
- Travel plans to meet with partners confirmed.
- Draft list of experts in grant writing to be drawn upon.
- Concept developed and reviewed.
- Develop general templates for research budget as a guideline.
6 months before the deadline:
- Develop checklist for application requirements.
- Budget developed - brainstorm with other researchers for ideas.
- Develop list of possible in-kind contributions for partners to consider.
- Take concept to partners.
- Compile Curriculum Vitae - enter into agency data base if required.
- Set up file sharing.
- Monitor progress on all tasks - troubleshoot as required.
- Write an initial draft of the main proposal section.
- Prepare checklist of components of proposal according to application guidelines.
- This first draft can take a month of very intensive work. Block this time off in advance.
- This section may best be done in one continuous block of time; 3 to 6 hours per day each day of the week.
- You will not make the same advances working a few hours a week.
5 months before the deadline:
- Proposal draft to style editor.
- Proposal draft to content editor.
- Obtain comments from your colleagues.
- These are people who are willing to spend hours reading and rereading your grant, not someone who returns it with the word "fantastic" on the front cover.
- Sit down and talk to them about their comments.
- Pay attention to what they failed to understand. Revise.
- Get more comments. Revise, etc.
- Committee to review recommended changes.
4 months before the deadline (even earlier for some institutions):
- Submit your proposal for approval to local committees where appropriate: animal care, human ethics, safety, etc.
2 months before the deadline:
- Reread the guidelines and your application.
- Take the instructions seriously. Do what they ask.
- Work on the other parts.
- Get quotations for equipment.
- Identify and Solicit letters of support from community partners.
- Ensure that all collaborators have completed CV's for the particular granting agency.
- Finalize the budget.
1 month before the deadline:
- Put together what looks like the final version: on the official forms,
with figures and references.
- Give this to your colleagues for additional review.
- There is nothing like seeing the whole package. Obvious flaws suddenly become apparent at this stage.
- Collect letters of support from community partners.
- Collect CV's from collaborators.
- Collect signatures from collaborating institutions where necessary.
2 weeks before the deadline:
- Type the final version.
- Proof read it.
- Have it proof read by someone who has not seen it before.
- Do not trust the spell checker.
- Final check for all application components - refer to your checklist.
- Work with Grants Facilitator to obtain all necessary signatures for
internal and external documents.
1 week before the deadline:
- Submit full application to Research Grants Facilitator with all accompanying
documents and letters.
2 days before the deadline:
- In consultation with Grants Facilitator send the application out by express mail /courier or submit electronically.
- Get some sleep.
Week following application submission:
- Debrief process and report back to committee.